How effective is a bulletproof vest at stopping gunshots?
How did it all start?
For several years, people did not have proper ways of protecting themselves from bullets. There were only a few options available, and they provided limited, minimal protection but none against the shock of a bullet. After years of researching, a lot of materials were discovered to be effective in the making of bulletproof vests. It was then when Kevlar was invented by DuPont chemist Stephanie Kwolek, who was in the search for a way to make radial car tires lighter. This material is and was capable of cushioning, trapping, and preventing a bullet from reaching and penetrating through to the body. However, the standard bulletproof jacket now consists of both Kevlar and the insertion of plates, and it weights around 4.5 kg. There a several types of plates, made out of different of materials according to the preferences and circumstances of the user. These plates are essential in the process of receiving a bullet, since they prevent the user from being hurt or incapacitated.
How do you I know a vest is “bulletproof”?
In order to define a vest as truly bulletproof, then it needs to be bullet resistant. Being bullet resistant means that the vest can be penetrated by certain types and sizes of bullets traveling up to certain speeds, and it can then stop them from reaching through to the body. When purchasing a bulletproof vest it is important to take everything into consideration in order to choose the adequate bulletproof vest. There a different kinds of vest that are intended to be used in different circumstances. There are vests that are designed to absorb the bullets from small arms fire, and there are those that can protect against larger arms.
How do I correctly wear my bulletproof vest?
Even when bullet resistant, bulletproof vests can still cause injury to the user when shocked by a bullet, especially the ones made out of only Kevlar. For example, when stopping the bullet, it may still force the vest fabric onto the body, causing bruising, other internal injuries. This is why it is essential to not only buy those that include the plates, but also do so in a trust-able, safe company. In addition, in order to minimize the chances of being hurt, it is important to know how to properly use a bulletproof vest. A bullet proof vest should not be placed below the bellybutton. Having the bulletproof vest hang low into the waist can limit the mobility that the user has, and can make simple movements uncomfortable.
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Is there a need for protection to travel?
In this modern day and age filled with advanced monitoring and securing technology, a civilian should feel safe to travel freely. America was founded on ideals of freedom and inalienable rights for all people, however, there has been a statistical spike in domestically incubated attacks, the most recent being the Ft. Lauderdale airport attack on the evening of January 6, 2017. According to police and civilian testimony on the evening in question, the suspected shooter, Esteban Santiago, was able to get a loaded weapon into the airport and quickly open fire on a crowd accumulated at the baggage claim, resulting in 5 innocent civilians that were killed and 8 were drastically injured. In a post 9/11 secured airport, a lot of the population are forced to wonder, “How it was possible that Santiago was able to infiltrate with a loaded weapon?”. According to TSA security standards, fire arms can be transported in a checked bag while contained in a locked, hard shell box that can only be opened by the owner. In addition, all bullets must be in carry on, this is to assert the idea that because the ammunition is separated from the fire arm then one cannot use the firearm on flight. This clause, usually used by hunters, has not been exploited for an attack since the 1972 shooting by Japanese Red Army in Tel Aviv. With the misuse of this stipulation has caused a surge in questions of national security in airports. The alleged shooter is a veteran who was relieved from the National Guard in 2011. He also had a recent and increasing history of domestic violence with in the year prior to shooting. The suspect has even been reported to have contacted authorities in April, stating that he was suffering from terroristic thoughts and was seeking help. Following contact with Alaskan FBI agents, he was put on a 72 hour psych hold, then he was released; with the stipulation of follow up appointments and medication. He also had a recent and increasing history of police encounters and domestic violence. After all these red flags, security stipulations, and evaluation, he was still able to gain his fire arm back from the agency.
Surge in Uncertainty
This causes a lot of uncertainty to the idea that we all are protected and shielded from these types of attacks. We often see it in other countries, but never think it could or would happen to us for we are the land of the free. But the reality is, we are living in a time where no one person can guarantee safety, for you or your loved ones. So why not take matters into your own hands, by investing in preventative measures. By investing in your own safety standard, you can gain a sense of peace in these turbulent times. Purchasing a bullet proof vest is a precautionary measure that could one day be the difference between survival and death. Not just any vest, you should invest in one that ensures quality, adheres and exceeds to government NIJ standards.
Rhino Body Armor: Your solution to safety assurance
Rhino Body Armor is a company that strives to guarantee safe and excellence in every aspect of our vests. Our vest are complied with quality AR500 hard armor with one of a kind tactical plate carriers, all American made. You can also feel safe in knowing that all vest are lab tested and field tested to ensure safety. Each is a shooters cut plate which, unlike standard square plates, capitalize on coverage and mobility. With an array of colors and plates ranging from NIJ I to NIJ III (Max), we have the ability to customize your vest to your safety specifications. Our vests also provide stab, spike, and edged blade protection for each user. The best part about our vest is that each comes with a 10 year warranty! You can rely on our vest technology to provide an added sense of protection during this surge in insecurity. Remember, it is your right to ensure the safety and protection of your loved ones and yourself.
What is the difference between a curved steel plate and a flat steel plate?
When it comes to choosing which hard armor plate is best for your bulletproof vest, there are many options. Plates can be either made of steel, ceramic, or polyethylene. Plates most often come in two styles. There is the curved plate and the flat plate. When people are shopping for plates, they often fail to pay attention to this type of detail. Choosing the right curvature of plate is very important because at the end of the day helps protect you and determines how truly safe the vest is. Bulletproof vests need to be adaptable to any person of any size. When determining the curvature of the plates being used, it is important to keep in mind protection, mobility, coverage, and size.
Curved plates are plates that do not lay flat on the chest but rather adapts to the shape of the human chest. They are said to be more comfortable since they adapt to the body. Some would argue that since it wraps around the body it would protect a bit more. Curved plates are also said to mitigate penetration by not allowing rounds to impact at a 90 degree angle. One downside of using a curved plate in your bulletproof vest is that it is very complicated to make one for each body, and they usually come in one standard size. This becomes a problem when a big chested women wants to use a vest that is made for a man. Curved plates are designed in such a way that the bullet is deflected upon impact. The problem with the bullet being deflected is that we do not know where the bullet will go.
Flat plates are less expensive than curved plates. Those who do not really know much about the product would say that curved plates are better than flat plates. Truth be told, flat plates are safer than curved plates because while curved plates will make the bullet deflect, flat plates will automatically stop the bullet. The problem of having a bullet deflect is that when the bullet deflects, you do not know where it will go. Flat plates are also better than curved plates because, although curved plates are supposed to adapt and curve your chest, it is impossible for it to actually fit everyone the right way. Flat plates are definitely considered to be the best option for your bulletproof vest for multiple reasons, not to mention it is the lighter and much cheaper option.
When it comes to choosing the right plate for your bulletproof vest, it is very important to do your research and choose the right plate. At the end of the day, the plate is what truly will determine how protected you are from a bullet. Choosing the right kind of plate is essential for your safety, comfort, and protection. The Best Body Armor is definitely the best option when it comes to a comfortable and safe bulletproof vest. For more information, you can go right to our website thebestbodyarmor.com
Should a bulletproof vest have side plates?
The question of running a rifle plate rig with side ballistic plates comes up quite often as people frequently get concerned about the lack of side protection offered by traditional plate carriers. There are several disadvantages to having hard side plates, namely weight, cost, and loss of mobility.
If someone has already committed to burdening themselves with hiking around with approximately 18lbs of ballistic plates strapped them to protect themselves from rifle fire, it may seem like a logical progression to go ahead and throw on side plates on as well. The problem is that side plates are still extremely heavy. Each side plate can weigh up to 5lbs, so what was an 18lb rig is now 28lbs, a 55% increase. Not only is that the upper limit of what even the fittest men can comfortably wear, but that 10lbs could have been better spent on other gear for providing water, shelter, or firepower.
The second major negative is the increased cost of side plates. The price of purchasing a specific plate carrier that has side pockets coupled with having to buy two additional plates is often the price of another whole two-plate vest. The reasons for this are fairly straightforward. While the cost of the material used in side plates will obviously be less than the much larger forward and rear plates, the processing in manufacturing and labor hours are roughly equivalent. Add in the fact that there are fewer suppliers of side plates in the market, and the price for a side plate is approximately the same as a front plate. The same goes for the manufacture of plate carriers that can accommodate side plates. The additional material, complexity and labor hours, coupled with fewer suppliers competing in the marketplace means the price is significantly higher than a two-plate carrier is.
The third and probably most important downside is the significant loss of mobility that comes with running side plates. Depending on their size and cut, they can restrict the arms from lowering completely. They cause the vest to become rigid in three dimensions making bending and twisting nearly impossible. This is particularly noticeable when running for cover in drills. Not only does the increased weight and un-natural top heaviness slow you down, but also once you hit the deck all of the plates hit each other and often times do not lay properly causing them to jab into the user. Once finally under cover, moving the shoulders and peeking from behind cover is practically impossible with the shoulder and torso contortions necessary to shoulder a rifle in confined spaces.
These negative characteristics of side plates are not helped by their limited actual protective value. What most people typically do not address is the actual likelihood of being shot in the side where a side plate would come into play. If worried about being hit by a “sniper” or similar long-distance shot, such marksmen typically do not shoot when presented with a target at a profile. This is because the target area presented is smaller than if you were facing them dead on or with your back to them, reducing the chance of a hit that would unnecessarily expose their position.
While it is true that in an ambush scenario, the attacking force is more likely to attack from a flank, but how long does it really take you to rotate and face the force? A second? Maybe less? Moreover, from then on out you are stuck carrying 50% more weight for no added functional protection in the middle of a firefight. Bulletproof vests are great, and can save your life. However, in a firefight, structural cover that can absorb the energy of the bullets is going to be better in the long run, especially when it comes to protecting your extremities and head. So which is better, having 10lbs of steel to protect you from possibly 1 second of danger while slowing you down, possibly preventing you from reaching cover in time, or having a practical balance of protection and mobility that can keep you from being shot in the first place?
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Which bulletproof vest for bugging-out vs bugging-in?
In developing prepping plans, it becomes important to focus on multiple options of preparedness. Some choose to prepare for being mobile, to get to another, safer, location. While others choose to hunker in and prepare their permanent dwelling for any potential issues. Often, it is best to develop both plans simultaneously so one has options and is therefore more prepared for a wider variety of scenarios. In each plan, the need for personal ballistic protection is ever present. However, the particular challenges and needs differ depending on whether mobility or protection is the primary objective. In this article I hope to present options for body armor that fit multiple scenarios so you and your family can be best prepared in event of a crisis.
The first scenario to cover is the most common, the “Bugging-out” plan. The premise behind this method of prepping is rather straightforward. Have supplies and gear focused on mobility to safely get to a more secure, less precarious location. This method of prepping is favored in urban population centers and suburbs where securing locations is more difficult given the higher population density. It makes sense then to relocate out of one’s apartment in the city or suburban home to a more isolated location like a cabin or rural relative’s home. The key to this kind of prepping is making it to the target as quickly and safely as possible. If the plan entails going on foot through possible dangerous terrain, weight is the primary concern. In this case a light Kevlar vest is probably the way to go. However, if one is simply driving to the target location, heavier, more protective armor is feasible. The best armor for the vehicle ex-fil is AR-500 steel plate because of its extensive protection against the vast majority of rifle fire, including the most popular assault rifles like the AR-15/10 and AK-47/74. Even mid-range sniper rifles, typically chambered in .308 Win, are ineffective against AR-500 plates. AR-500 beats more advanced ceramics for prepping because of its toughness and longevity. Ceramic plates can crack and break even when just tossed around, and with supply lines non-existent in prepping scenario, you can’t replace your plates every time you hit the deck a little too hard.
The second scenario is quite a bit different. Fortifying your present, permanent home, sometimes jokingly referred to in the prepping community as “Bugging-in” presents different challenges and opportunities. When it comes to choosing a bulletproof vest, mobility is secondary to protection. More than likely you will be in your home or on your defensed property when a threat presents itself, so the best course of action is to dig in and fight from your current position. Here the additional weight of AR-500 steel vests is no longer nearly as detrimental as in the bugging out by foot scenario presented early. Here, the added rifle protection and increased trauma protection over Kevlar can be life-saving and it costs very little in utility. As an added bonus, because AR-500 vests are extremely inexpensive compared to their ceramic counterparts, it is more economical to equip the entire family(provided they are grown enough to handle the weight) thereby multiplying force response and taking steps to ensure the safety of non-offensive family members from stray rounds.
For Prepping scenarios, AR-500 steel bulletproof vests make tons of sense in either bugging out or bugging in scenarios. Due to their maximum economy, protection, durability, longevity and ease of repair, AR-500 steel plates are ideal for prepping scenarios where replacing Kevlar or Ceramic plates after every hit would be highly impractical. So in both the short run and long run, AR500 is the ideal material for personal ballistic protection in a survival plan.
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History of Body Armor
Throughout history, we as mankind have used various types of materials as body armor to protect ourselves from injury in combat and other dangerous situations. The first protective clothing and shields were made from animal skins. As civilizations became more advanced, wooden shields and then metal shields came into use. Eventually, metal was also used as body armor, what we now refer to as an armor suit, which is mainly associated with the knights of the Middle Ages. However, with the invention of firearms somewhere around 1500, metal body armor became ineffective. Then only real protection available against firearms were stone walls or natural barriers such as rocks, trees, and ditches.
Soft Body Armor
One of the first times that soft armor was used was by the medieval Japanese, who used armor manufactured from silk. It wouldn’t be until the late 19th century that the United States would first use of soft body armor. At that time, the military explored the possibility of using soft body armor manufactured from silk. The project even attracted congressional attention after the assassination of President McKinley in 1901. While the garments were shown to be effective against low-velocity bullets, those traveling at 400 feet per second or less, but they would not offer protection against the new, more modern generation of handgun ammunition being introduced at that time. This was ammunition capable of traveled at velocities of more than 600 feet per second. This, along with the prohibitive cost of silk made the concept unacceptable.
Early Bulletproof Vest Patents
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office lists records dating back to 1919 for various designs of the bulletproof vests and body armor type garments. One of the first documented patents where for a garment, which was demonstrated for use by law enforcement officers and was detailed in the April 2, 1931 edition of the Washington, D.C., Evening Star, where a bullet proof vest was demonstrated to members of the Metropolitan Police Department.
The next generation of anti-ballistic vests was the World War II “flak jacket” made from ballistic nylon. The flak jacket provided protection primarily from ammunitions fragments and was ineffective against most pistol and rifle threats. Flak jackets were also very heavy and bulky.
Lightweight Body Armor
It would not be until the late 1960s that new fibers were discovered that made today’s modern generation of cancelable body armor possible. The National Institute of Justice or “N.I.J.” initiated a research program to investigate development of a lightweight body armor that an on-duty police officer could wear full time, and protect them from gunfire. The investigation readily identified new materials that could be woven into a lightweight fabric with excellent ballistic resistant properties. Performance standards were set that defined ballistic resistant requirements for police and military body armor.
in the 1970s, one of its most significant achievements in the development of body armor was the invention of DuPont’s Kevlar ballistic fabric. Ironically, the fabric was originally intended to replace steel belting in vehicle tires. The development of Kevlar body armor by NIJ was a four-phase effort that took place over several years. The first phase involved testing Kevlar fabric to determine whether it could stop a lead bullet. The second phase involved determining the number of layers of material necessary to prevent penetration by bullets of varying speeds and calibers and developing a prototype vest that would protect officers against the most common threats: the .38 Special and the .22 Long Rifle bullets.
Researching Kevlar Bullet Proof Vests
By 1973, researchers at the Army’s Edgewood Arsenal responsible for the bulletproof vest design, had developed a garment made of seven layers of Kevlar fabric for use in field trials. It was determined that the penetration resistance of Kevlar was degraded when wet, and that the bullet resistant properties of the fabric diminished upon exposure to ultraviolet light, including sunlight. Dry-cleaning agents and bleach also had negative effects on the anti-ballistic properties of the fabric, as did repeated washing. To protect against these problems, the vest was designed with waterproofing, as well as with fabric coverings to prevent exposure to sunlight and other degrading agents.
Medical Testing of Body Armor
The third phase of the initiative involved medical testing to determine the performance level of body armor that would be necessary to save police officers’ lives. It was clear to researchers that even when a bullet was stopped by the flexible fabric, the impact and resulting trauma from the bullet would leave a severe bruise at a minimum and, at worst, could kill by damaging critical organs. Subsequently, army scientists designed tests to determine the effects of blunt trauma, which is injuries suffered from forces created by the bullet impacting the armor. A byproduct of the research on blunt trauma was the improvement of tests that measure blood gases, which indicate the extent of injuries to the lungs. The final phase involved monitoring the armor’s wear ability and effectiveness. A test in three cities determined that the vest was wearable, it did not cause add stress or pressure on the torso, and it did not prevent the normal body movement necessary for police work. In 1975, an extensive field test of the new Kevlar body armor was conducted, with 15 urban police departments cooperating. Each department served a population larger than 250,000, and each had experienced officer assault rates higher than the national average. The tests involved 5,000 garments, including 800 purchased from commercial sources. Among the factors evaluated were comfort when worn for a full working day, its adaptability in extremes of temperature, and its durability through long periods of use. The demonstration project armor issued by NIJ was designed to ensure a 95 percent probability of survival after being hit with a .38 caliber bullet at a velocity of 800 ft/s. Furthermore, the probability of requiring surgery if hit by a projectile was to be 10 percent or less. A final report released in 1976 concluded that the new ballistic material was effective in providing a bullet resistant garment that was light and wearable for full-time use. Private industry was quick to recognize the potential market for the new generation of body armor, and body armor became commercially available in quantity even before the NIJ demonstration program.
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Hard Armor Vs. Soft Armor
With all of the craziness that is going on in the world and our own country, the need to be prepared to protect your family and yourself is at a higher demand than ever. The way everything is going, you never know if walking out your door may be your last time. With this said, a truly good investment in your family security would be a bulletproof vest, which in my opinion is just as vital as yet another case of ammunition. You can prepare for the worst all you want but you won’t be able to fire all of that ammo or eat all that stored-up food, if you get shot and wounded because you didn’t have body armor to protect you and your loved ones. In the same amount of time it would take you to reach into your gun locker and grab your weapon, you could have thrown on a vest. I believe it’s a sensible and necessary piece of equipment for any home defense plans.
Types of Armor
There are two majorly distributed types of body armor. The first is known as “Soft Armor” and is what most police officers wear under their uniform shirts. This armor is reasonably light-weight and flexible, most soft armor is made of multiply layers of Kevlar. But other synthetic materials like Spectra Shield is also used in soft armor. This type of armor is classified by threat level (the type of bullets they protect consumer against). Current NIJ threat levels are (in order from least protection available to most protection available) Level IIA, Level II, and Level IIIA. These levels of vests can stop pistol and shotgun rounds reliably, but they generally won’t stop centerfire rifle rounds. It’s a velocity issue. The faster the bullet, the harder it is to stop.
You wear your soft body armor when you’re on duty; But what if you must respond to a school shooting or other incident that might involve rounds your armor isn’t rated to stop? This brings us to our second class of armor, hard plate armor. The hard armor plates that fit inside the front and back pockets in armor carriers offer protection against rifle rounds, and some protect against armor-piercing rounds. But should you have them? And if so, how do you know which kind to choose? As opposed to ‘soft armor’, hard armor is only available in an overt style due to its extra weight and bulk. This however has the advantage of protecting against high caliber and armor-piercing rounds. These vest function in the same way as vests of Kevlar or Dyneme, but utilize Ceramics, Steel or Titanium. Hard armor is available in two levels; a Level III vest protects against 7.62mm Full Metal Jacketed Bullets, or M80 as they are designated by the Military, and a Level IV vest protects against .30 caliber armor piercing rounds (Military designation M2 AP).
While these armors offer the maximum protection, and can often defend against explosives and fragmentation, they are naturally very heavy because of the materials used, and so are not recommended to be worn for extended periods. They are reserved only for the most extreme situations, but are certainly suitable in these scenarios. Furthermore, because of the way the materials protect against ammunition, certain hard armors are not suitable use after taking a bullet, and should be replaced immediately.
An armor-piercing or “AP” round is a type of ammunition used to penetrate armored objects. From the 1860s to 1950s, a major usage of armor-piercing projectiles was to penetrate the thick armor carried on many warships. From the 1920s onwards, armor-piercing weapons were required for anti-tank missions. “Shots” and “rounds” are typically artillery projectiles, and are used to defeat heavily armored targets such as tanks, bunkers and armored warships. Projectiles smaller than 20mm are typically known as “armor-piercing ammunition”, and are intended for lightly-armored targets such as body armor, bulletproof glass and other protection, or for use as an anti-material round.
An armor-piercing round must withstand the shock of punching through armor plating. Rounds designed for this purpose have a greatly strengthened jacked with a specially hardened and shaped nose, and a often a hardened core. Some smaller-caliber AP rounds have an inert filling, or incendiary charge in place of the HE bursting charge. The AP round is now little used in naval warfare, as modern warships have little or no armor protection, but it remains the preferred round in anti-tank warfare, as it has a greater “first-hit kill” probability than a high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) round, especially against a target with composite armor, and because of higher muzzle velocity, is also more accurate than a HEAT round.
Armor-piercing solid shot for cannons may be simple, or composite, solid projectiles but tend to also combine some form of incendiary with that of armor-penetration. The incendiary compound is normally contained between the cap and penetrating nose, within a hollow at the rear, or a combination of both. If the projectile also uses a tracer, the rear cavity is often used to house the tracer compound. For larger-caliber projectiles, the tracer may instead be contained within an extension of the rear sealing plug. Common abbreviations for solid (non-composite/hardcore) cannon-fired shot are; AP, AP-T, API and API-T; where “T” stands for “tracer” and “I” for “incendiary”. More complex, composite projectiles containing explosives and other ballistic devices tend to be referred to as armor-piercing rounds.
Armor-piercing rounds as dedicated anti-tank projectiles are common in over 50mm caliber artillery but the tendency is to use semi-armor-piercing and high-explosive (SAPHE) rounds, which have less anti-armor capability, but far greater anti-material/personnel effects. The modern SAPHE projectiles still have a ballistic cap, hardened body and base fuze, but tend to have a far thinner body material and higher explosive content 4–15%. Common abbreviations for modern AP and SAP rounds are: HEI(BF), SAPHE, SAPHEI, and SAPHEI-T.
Small Arms Armor-piercing rifle and pistol cartridges are usually built around a penetrator of hardened steel, tungsten, or tungsten carbide, and such cartridges are often called ‘hard-core bullets’. Aircraft and tank rounds sometimes use a core of depleted uranium. The penetrator is a pointed mass of high-density material that is designed to retain its shape and carry the maximum possible amount of energy as deeply as possible into the target. Depleted-uranium penetrators have the advantage of being pyrophoric and self-sharpening on impact, resulting in intense heat and energy focused on a minimal area of the target’s armor. Some rounds also use explosive or incendiary tips to aid in the penetration of thicker armor. High Explosive Incendiary/Armor Piercing Ammunition combines a tungsten carbide penetrator with an incendiary and explosive tip.
Rifle armor-piercing ammunition generally carries its hardened penetrator within a copper or cupronickel jacket, like the jacket which would surround lead in a conventional projectiles. Upon impact on a hard target, the copper case is destroyed, but the penetrator continues its motion and penetrates the target. Armor-piercing ammunition for pistols has also been developed and uses a design like the rifle ammunition. Some small ammunition, such as the FN 5.7mm round, is inherently capable at piercing armor, being of a small caliber and very high velocity.
The entire projectile is not normally made of the same material as the penetrator because the physical characteristics that make a good penetrator (i.e. extremely tough, hard metal) make the material equally harmful to the barrel of the gun firing the cartridge.
Dragon Skin is a type of ballistic vest currently produced in Missoula, Montana by North American Development Group LLC available for public, law-enforcement and military customers. Its characteristic two-inch-wide circular discs overlap like scale armor, creating a flexible vest that allows a good range of motion and is intended to absorb a high number of hits compared with other military body armor. The discs are composed of silicon carbide ceramic matrices and laminates, much like the larger ceramic plates in other types of bullet resistant vests. The armor is currently available in one basic protection level: Dragon Skin Extreme, which is certified to comply with NIJ level III protection. Dragon Skin has been worn by some civilian contractors in Iraq, some special operations forces in Iraq and Afghanistan, some SWAT teams, nine generals in Afghanistan, bodyguards tasked with protecting generals, and U.S. Secret Service personnel. The Central Intelligence Agency has also purchased Dragon Skin.
Dragon Skin armor is made of an overlapping series of high tensile strength ceramic discs encased in a glass fiber textile. Different layout configurations with variations in coverage are available. Dragon Skin Extreme is made of overlapping approximately 0.25-inch × 2-inch ceramic discs encased in a fabric cover. In evaluating the Dragon Skin system, it is important to note that while the external measurements of the Dragon Skin panel are 11.5 inches × 13.5 inches, the area of level III coverage provided by the encased ceramic discs is 10 inches × 12 inches; the fabric edges are not intended to provide ballistic protection. Weight of the Dragon Skin Extreme armor providing 10 inches × 12 inches of level III protection was approximately 6.4 lb.
Dragon Skin became the subject of controversy with the U.S. Army over testing it against its Interceptor body armor. The Army claimed Pinnacle’s body armor was not proven to be effective. In test runs for the Air Force there were multiple failures to meet the claimed level of protection. This coupled with poor quality control and accusations of fraudulent claims of official NIJ rating which had not actually obtained at the time of purchase led to the termination of the USAF contract. Attempted to appeal this decision, but courts found in favor of the USAF. The company stated that although vests were returned due to a manufacturing issue, a test on the Dragon Skin Level III armor was conducted by the United States Air Force Office of Special Investigations at a U.S Army Aberdeen Test Center in Aberdeen, Maryland in February 2006, which concluded that it “did not fail any written contract specifications” set forth by the Air Force, which was further stated to require high ballistic performance due to the hostile environments in which AFOSI operates. According to the Army, the vests failed because the extreme temperature tests caused the discs to dislodge, thus rendering the vest ineffective. Pinnacle Armor affirms that their products can withstand environmental tests in accordance with military standards, as does testing by the Aberdeen Test Center.
The Air Force, which ordered the Dragon Skin vests partially based on claims it was NIJ certified at a time when it was not, has opened a criminal investigation into the firm Pinnacle Armor over allegations that it had fraudulently placed a label on their Dragon Skin armor improperly stating that it had been certified to a ballistic level it had not yet been. Murray Neal, the Pinnacle Armor chief executive, claimed that he was given verbal authorization by the NIJ to label the vests although he did not have written authorization. the Department of Justice announced that the NIJ had reviewed evidence provided by the body armor manufacturer and has determined that the evidence is insufficient to demonstrate that the body armor model will maintain its ballistic performance over its six-year declared warranty period. Because of this, Dragon Skin has been found not in compliance with the NIJ’s testing program and has been removed from the NIJ’s list of bullet-resistant body armor models that satisfy its requirements.
How do bulletproof vests work
A ballistic vest or bullet-resistant vest, often called a bulletproof vest, is personal armor worn on the torso that helps absorb the impact and reduce or stop penetration to the body from firearm fired projectiles and shrapnel from explosions. Soft vests are made of many layers of woven or laminated fibers and can protect the wearer from small caliber handgun and shotgun projectiles and small fragments from explosives such as hand grenades. Metal or ceramic plates can be used with a soft vest, providing additional protection against rifle rounds and metallic components. Tightly woven fiber layers can give soft armor resistance to stab and slash attacks from knives and similar close combat weapons. Soft vests are commonly worn by police forces, private citizens who are at risk of being shot, security guards, and bodyguards, whereas hard-plate reinforced vests are mainly worn by combat soldiers, police tactical units, and hostage rescue teams. Body armor may combine a ballistic vest with other items of protective clothing, such as a combat helmet. Vests intended for police and military use may also include ballistic shoulder and side protection armor components, and bomb disposal officers wear heavy armor and helmets with face visors and spine protection.
How bulletproof vests stop bullets
Ballistic vests use layers of very strong fibers to catch and deform a bullet, mushrooming it into a dish shape and spreading its force over a larger portion of the vest fiber. The vest absorbs the energy from the deforming bullet, bringing it to a stop before it can completely penetrate the matrix of fibers. Some layers may be penetrated but as the bullet deforms, the energy is absorbed by a larger and larger fiber area.
While a vest can prevent bullet penetration, the vest and wearer still absorb the bullet’s energy. Even without penetration, modern pistol bullets contain enough energy to cause blunt force trauma under the impact point. Vest specifications will typically include both penetration resistance requirements and limits on the amount of impact energy that is delivered to the body. Vests designed for bullets offer little protection against blows from sharp implements, such as knives, arrows, ice picks, or from bullets manufactured of non-deformable materials, those containing a steel core instead of lead. This is because the impact force of these objects stays concentrated in a relatively small area, allowing them to puncture the fiber layers of most bullet resistant fabrics. By contrast, stab vests provide better protection against sharp implements, but are generally less effective against bullets. Fiber vests may be augmented with metal (steel or titanium), ceramic, or polyethylene plates that provide extra protection to vital areas. These hard armor plates have proven effective against all handgun bullets and a range of rifles. These upgraded ballistic vests have become standard in military use, as soft body armor vests are ineffective against military rifle rounds. Prison guards and police often wear vests which are designed specifically against bladed weapons and sharp objects. These vests may incorporate coated and laminated paramid textiles or metallic components.
where to find bulletproof vests
When looking for armor that provides the maximum protection, you want to look for a vest that provides full ballistic protection as well as protection against any knife or spike attacks. There aren’t many vests on the market that offer that full range of protection, but you can find some. The most affordable vest that offers full protection against every kind of attack can be found at thebestbodyarmor.com. You can even use promo code “armorstrong” to get $25 off your vest. There is nothing better than knowing you’ve bought the best product at the best price.