What are the standards implemented by the National Institute of Justice?
Why body armor?
Why body armor?
Firearms have shown to be a threat to a lot of lives all around the world, including the United States. Body armor has come into play, safeguarding the life of a lot of people, for at least the last three decades. The Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene conducted a study, where they compared officers that wore body armor daily to those who did not. Results showed how officers who do not wear body armor as a routine are 3.4 times more likely to be fatally injured from a torso shot than those officers who do wear protection. Law enforcement and correction officers have relied, and continue to do so, on the protection provided by bulletproof vests. But how do they choose the right protection? The answer is by following the NIJ standards.
What does NIJ stand for?
Not everyone’s armor is made to shield the same impact, reason why there are various levels of protection that need to be taken into consideration. Therefore, when choosing the right body armor, it is essential to ensure that it adheres to the protection level you need. The best way to get an accurate estimate is by following certain common standards. Even though there are several standards set by different departments, the most widely used guidelines are those set by the National Institute of Justice, recognized as one of the world leaders at standardizing body protection. The NIJ standard is the only one that is nationally accepted for the body armor worn by law enforcement, which proves why it is the most reliable and used measurement. When handling body armor, the NIJ has three specific tasks, the first one being the establishment and update of voluntary minimum performance guidelines for the body armor. Secondly, they are to conduct testing against those standards to make sure that the body armor in question meets those guidelines. The other major task the NIJ is responsible for is sponsoring research with the ultimate goal of improving body armor in general, since technology and new discoveries are constantly improving and growing.
What is the standard used now?
The NIJ Standard-0101.06, Ballistic Resistance of Body Armor was released on July of 2008 by the National Institute of Justice. The “.06” standard is responsible for setting the minimum performance requirements and examination methods for the ballistic resistance of personal body armor meant to shield impacts directed at the torso. Something to take into consideration is that the fact that this new standard has been imposed does not mean that the body armor models that comply with the .04 standards are invalidated. However, it is recommended to follow the new standard rather than the old one. Also, the NIJ Standard-0101.06 requires more rigorous testing of ballistic armor.
What does NIJ level I protection include?
The first level of the National Institute of Justice is NIJ Level I, which is the most basic level of protection. This armor protects against .22 caliber Long Rifle Lead Round Nose (LR LRN) bullets with nominal masses of 2.6 g (40 gr) impacting at a velocity of at least 320 m/s (1050 ft./s). It also protects against 380 ACP Full Metal Jacketed Round Nose (FMJ RN) bullets with nominal masses of 6.2 g (95 gr) with a velocity impact of 312 m/s (1025 ft./s) or less. In more general terms, this level of body armor protection shields against the impact of small handguns only.
What does NIJ level IIA protection include?
The second level of protection, NIJ Level IIA is a little more complete than the first one in the sense that it not only protects against small handguns but also against low velocity handguns as well. This type of body armor protects against 9mm Full Metal Jacketed Round Nose (FMJ RN) bullets with nominal masses of 8.0 g (124 gr) at a minimum velocity of 332 m/s (1090 ft./s) and .40 S&W caliber Full Metal Jacketed (FMJ) bullets with nominal masses of 11.7 g (180 gr) at a minimum velocity of 312 m/s (1025 ft./s) or less. Additionally, it protects against Level I threats as well. NIJ Level II protection is usually required by police departments and full-time guards.
What does NIJ level II protection include?
The third level is referred to as NIJ Level II because it is basically the same thing as NIJ Level IIA, but with a little more of protection. Instead of just shielding impacts from small handguns and low velocity handguns, it also protects against high velocity handguns. In more specific terms, it shields impacts of .357 Magnum jacketed soft-point bullets with nominal masses of 10.2 g (158 gr.) going at a velocity of 425 m/s (1,395 ft./s) or less and against 9mm full-jacketed bullets with nominal velocities of 358 m/s (1,175 ft./s). It is also great protection against most of the other factory loads in caliber .357 Magnum and 9mm and is assumed that it also protects against the Level I and IIA threats. This type of body armor tends to be heavier and with more bulk than the levels before it. It is usually worn by full time officers.
What does NIJ level IIIA protection include?
The National Institute of Justice provides levels that range from NIJ Level I all the way to NIJ Level III. In between those there is NIJ Level IIIA, which is one of the most commonly sought levels of body armor protection. A person that is looking for a complete protection that can be worn daily usually refers to this level. This armor protects against impacts from a .44 Magnum, semi jacketed hollow point (SJHP) bullets with nominal masses of 15.55 g (240 gr.) impacting at a velocity of 426 m/s (1,400 ft./s) or less, and against 9mm full-metal jacketed bullets with nominal masses of 8.0 g (124 gr.) impacting at a velocity of 426 m/s (1,400 ft./s) or less. NIJ Level IIIA also protects bullets from small handguns, low velocity handguns, high velocity handguns, high powered handguns and sub machine guns.
What does NIJ level III protection include?
After NIJ Level IIIA, the next level of protection is called NIJ Level III. This level protects against impacts from 7.62mm full-metal jacketed bullets (US military designation M80) with nominal masses of 9.7 g (150 gr.) impacting at a velocity of 838 m/s (2,750 ft./s) or less. Also, it provides protection against threats such as 223 Remington (5.56mm FMJ), 30 Carbine FMJ, and 12-gauge rifled slug, as well as Level I through IIIA threats. NIJ Level III is considered one of the best levels, since it protects from a larger range of guns. Specifically, it can receive bullets from small handguns, low velocity handguns, high velocity handguns, high powered handguns, sub machine guns, machine guns, high powered rifles as well as assault rifles.
The Best Body Armor
The Best Body Armor is a company that specializes on providing the highest quality of body armor at the lowest prices. It not only offers body armor that has surpassed the Department of Justice guidelines but that also exceeds National Institute of Justice standards for NIJ IIIA and NIJ III. All the products are assembled and manufactured here in the United States, and come with a 10-year warranty included. Every unit is to be custom made to spec, hand inspected individually, and sold direct from a United States government sanctioned body armor manufacturer. We offer one size vest, since they can be easily adjusted to any body type. All the body armor is tested by independent, government sanctioned weapons labs, and each vest is individually made and inspected for each customer to provide a vest that offers maximum protection against any attack. All the plates are made with a specialized shooter cut to provide the maximum coverage possible while also having enough space for good mobility.
If interested in any of the products the company has to provide, use promo code “ stopshot “ to get a $50 discount off your purchase.
Is it time for EMS and other First Responders to wear bullet proof vest?
Kevlar vests, also known as bulletproof or ballistic vest are worn by Military Soldiers throughout the world to protect themselves from harm and it is not only Soldiers wearing these types of vests anymore now Police Officers worldwide are wearing the Kevlar vest due to the rising number of firearm related death and a rise in homeland terrorism. However, the real questions arise when you look to the other first responders who put themselves in harm’s way such as the EMS. EMS and Firefighters are called to the scene of almost every incident no matter how dangerous and can be put in harm’s way themselves without any protective gear. So, is it not time for the EMS and other first responders to start wearing Kevlar and bulletproofing vest to keep the lives safe as well. EMS and Firefighters are more likely to come into conduct with stabbings from knives and needles then they are to be shot at. But this does not take away the need for the vests or the danger they will face. Kevlar vest today can easily stop a stabbing attack from either a needle or a knife to a specific area. So, it is time to re-evaluate the need for EMS, paramedics, and Firefighters to see if part of their essential life save gear should be a Kevlar or other type of bullet proof vest that they wear in order to save their life so that they may save the lives of other!
There is no guarantee that the attacker will aim for where the vests are protecting. However, the case, when it comes down to it would not you rather have a smaller chance for that attacker to be able to hit your vital organs and mid-section. Along with the knife attacks comes still the threat of the EMS or Firefighters being shot at while attempting to do their job, which just so happened in Selma, Al. in 2016 when 2 EMS were attending to a local call (though it seemed strange when it came through) and were checking a patient’s blood pressure when multiple shots rang out heading towards the EMS workers though luckily neither of the 2 were injured. (Dunigan) Seeing this should put the image in your mind that no one of our First responders are safe and now need body armor and companies like The Best Body Armor are here to provide such needed items. Selling the greatest and latest in the technologies of bulletproof vest exceeding government standard, with NIJ levels up to NIJ 5 you can easily get what you need to keep you and your loved ones safe and out of harm’s way. With products ranging in all different sorts of colors and designs you are sure to find what you are looking for, also looking for trauma pads?! They have them, so whatever you need is and want desires The Best Body Armor has got what is need to ensure that your loved you or our EMS and Firefighters are dully protected.
The above attack is only one example of an attack on a crew of First Responders with attacks on the rise the departments are scrambling to come up with ways to figure out how to keep the paramedics and Firefighters safe and out of unnecessary harm’s way. Some departments have thought about having police escort firefighters to and from the scene, though this would take a lot of valuable time away from the lifesaving ability of the Firefighters. So instead of this what needs to be done is the purchasing of Kevlar vest and other types of ballistic vest so that Firefighters don’t have to worry about being escorted and can quickly respond to the emergency at hand. Likewise, EMS also face the similar problem and it too can be answered in the same fashion, with the purchasing of Kevlar vest so that it takes away the risk harm for the EMS worker and they can carry out their job quickly and efficiently as possible. There are concerns over buttressing our EMS and paramedics as it will seem to be militarizing our paramedics when can be off-putting to some people as we are not a militarized state. However, in a time when people are willing to attack first responders whom are just attempting to save the lives of innocent people it may be time to get over the fear of buttressing the EMS and Firefighters and give them the equipment needed to keep them alive and safe so that they can return home every night. This does not turn us into a militarized stated you see, just a well prepared and well-functioning first aid responding unit. As well as this problem, the vest may be restrictive to the EMS and paramedics as to where they will not they will not be able to do their job efficiently and quickly. What is meant by this is the fact that EMS personal need to be very agile and light on their feet in order to respond to the needs of the patients they are seeking to save. Will the body armor restrict their movements too much and keep them from doing their jobs effectively and efficiently? Will body armor make Firefighter and EMS targets for attacks if they are wearing them? Some people believe so, especially if they are wearing the differentiated colors to distinguish between police and EMS/Firefighters. So, people believe that why wear the different colors, but then the EMS/Firefighters will look just like the cops and as mentioned above the First Responders will soon look like a militarized police force which people will fear and hesitate to utilize.
On Oct. 26, 2015, shots rang out striking the main firehouse in Grand Rapids, proving that these first responders are getting closer and closer to the danger zone a daily basis even when they are still at their “Home Away from Home.” And if they are not truly safe there then they are definitely not going to be safe out in a field environment going up again who knows what exactly. Then another day Firefighters were attacked by a man wielding a box cutter and unfortunately two of the men were injured. Now if they had been wearing vests then very possibly they could have escaped without any type of incident. This is where the companies like The Best Body Armor come back into play with the manufacturing of Kevlar and bulletproof vest that will decrease the chance of anything happening to a loved one wearing them. With products exceeding government standards and NIJ levels all the way up to level NIJ 5, The Best Body Armor produces a various design of vest from ACU Camo, Black, Multi Camo, to Tan Camo so the customer can always get what they need and want in order to keep themselves and others protected. If EMS, Firefighters and other paramedics start to purchase Kevlar and other types of bulletproof vests the questions arises how will they sustain their equipment and supply budget for such things. Because, we all know once a vest is struck it is no longer good, so it has to be switched out, or that a vest can and will expire after a certain amount of years. So, the question arises how will they corral this problem? One way would be to have the personal purchase the device themselves or get grants from the government to purchase these lives saving devices. However, this does not stop the vest from becoming expired if not (hopefully) ever being used. Having this problem would likely cause the EMS and other departments to defer from purchasing the bullet proof vest.
In conclusion, with everything that is going on in this world, even the EMS, Paramedics, and Firefighters are no longer entirely safe from people seeking to do them harm while they are just attempting to save the lives of people in need. So, the question has arisen is it time for these heroes themselves to wear bulletproof vest and Kevlar vest so that they can become as safe as possible while on the job. However, people are concerned of the militarization of the EMS and Firefighters and how the public would react to that since we are not a non-militarized state, how would these departments afford such life saving devices and the price of the upkeep of the vest. Also, EMS are concerned with the maneuverability restrictions that would be put upon them if they were to wear a vest, but does that out way the cost of wearing the vest? So, what can change and happen? The Best Body Armor can happen, with top of the line bullet proof vest exceeding government standards and requirements EMS, Paramedics and Firefighters can get the best type of gear for what they need to keep their lives and comrades safe. With all different NIJ levels up to NIJ LEVEL 5 they are sure to find what they need to get the safety that is required to keep them alive.
Ensuring the safety of the men and women of the police forces within the United States
While US Soldiers are equipped with usually the greatest and latest life saving devices such as Kevlar Helmets, Kevlar bulletproof vest, and extremely fortified tactically equipped vehicles to fight battles overseas in harsh and urban terrain (which makes sense) as they fight battles on a daily basis. Uniformed Police officers who step up to the plate every day to battle crime such as drug dealers, gang members, murderers, and homelands terrorists in urban terrain will go without even decades old life saving devices. On average 1 officer dies every 53 hours within the Unites States and in 2011 68 of the overall deaths of police officers were from firearms related injuries. (Police: The Law Enforcement Magazine) Much of this happens do the lack of funding within police departments and the ability to obtain such equipment such as bulletproof vests and other necessary products as well as cut-back in personnel training. You see many officers that actually do receive bulletproof vest will decide not to wear them as they will say they are too bulky and too heavy, or even too hot, yet not considering the implications in mind of what could happen if they do not wear the vest that day. Another fault happens at the local level especially down in the south wear the heat will climb in to the staggering degrees and officers wearing the vest will once again cling to the excuse of the vest being too hot to wear disregarding the lifesaving implications of the vest.
You see officers will have to get out and have to work traffic in the heat and complain about the vests. It is where law enforcement agencies to work to ensure that they setup local policies to ensure that their officers are doing what is necessary to save their lives. Another problems officers and police departments, especially small under equipped offices face, are expired, out of date vest that no longer are able to make the cut and do the job that is required of the vest in order to save the lives of the officers. When this happens, the officers are just wearing a heavy Kevlar vest that is there for looks and will essentially not stop anything no matter the distance. These expired, out of date vest are really the only concern because when it comes down to it the police departments are not getting these devices for free so essentially once the Kevlar vest is expired the department has essentially thrown away money which will cause a department to rethink about buying more vests in the future or they will continue to use these expired vests way into the future thus putting the officer’s life at risk. This is where companies such as The Best Body Armor come in with the production of light weight and superbly efficient tactical bulletproof vest where local police departments can get such needed equipment for their officers for the field and their safety so that these staggering numbers can decline. With vests exceeding government requirements, NIJ certified up to level 5. Police Departments, even the ones who are on the tightest of budgets can afford to get the brave men and women of law enforcement the lifesaving equipment needed to help to their job in their field.
Once purchased the real problem as mentioned before becomes getting the police officers to wear them and to keep them worn no matter the scenario. As said before the officer usually do not like to wear them in the South while working traffic as the heat tends to rise, nearing the hundreds and wearing a Kevlar or any type of bulletproof vest can get uncomfortable. This is where it is up to the local level police departments to implement the necessary needed required legislation or rules for that department for their officers to keep their vests on. The Federal government can pass laws that require all officers to wear, but if it is not enforced by the departments then nothing will become of this. However, is departments and states get behind it much as the seat belt laws, and the Click it or Ticket Campaign in the state of Florida, Officers will soon be wearing their vest in all conditions thus decreasing the numbers of lives lost to firearm related fatalities. While enforcing at the local level would not make it wear the lower level police departments would be able to afford more Kevlar vest at a more reliable rate it would mean the decrease in the department deaths. With the departments would be more likely to request funding or raise funding to obtain such needed accessories.
With more officers, more likely to wear vest if they are being locally enforced by their Departments, means the opportunity for more expired, out of date Kevlar vest. One issue departments face is the arrival of the vest due to the number of vests ordered. They will complain that they will take weeks to months to arrive thus putting their deputies at risk. (KSL.COM) And this issue will shorten the life span of the vest (though not drastically) by the time it arrived and was ready to be put into use by the officers and their respective police department. This would possibly risk the department ordering the vest entirely if they knew it was going to take such a long time to receive the Kevlar vest for their officers. Again, that is where companies such as The Best Body Armor come into play. Offering quick and FREE SHIPPING on products that will SAVE the lives of the wearer! With products up to NIJ level 5 rated and all different types of camouflage and MOLLE accessories every Police Department can get the equipment that they need to keep the lives of their Officers safer than ever.
Another factor that will boost the wear rate of the wonderful life saving devices are more updated technologies to ensure that the Police Officers, like the military, have the most up to date devices to ensure their safety here at home where it is slowly becoming more like a battlefield in some cities and gang territories. Bulletproof vest manufacturers are required to meet and in most cases, exceed requirement setup by the government to ensure that the Kevlar vest are capable and proven to do the job. Some of these standards are or include: Increased test velocities for Types IIA, II, and IIIA vests. An increase in the number of shots under which each vest must perform reliably. That number is nearly 90% higher than it was under the previous standard. Test panels must pass a submersion test where the vests must be fully immersed in 70-degree water for 30 minutes prior to being tested. A requirement for the vest to perform reliably after an accelerated aging process. (Police: The Law Enforcement Magazine) With these higher standards and requirements, it is going to prove that these Kevlar Vest are reliable and safe and are going to go the distance when needed to save the life of an Officer in the line of fire while doing their duty to protect the citizens of the United States.
In conclusion where as our soldiers, who see combat and risk their lives to ensure we have the freedoms necessary to conduct the perfect American Life receive the newest and latest in life saving technology, many officers here on the home front who risk their lives on a daily basis so that we can enjoy the freedoms go without Kevlar vest and other types of bulletproof vests that are needed to keep them safe and alive. And unfortunately, in some cases when they do have the needed Kevlar vest they are either outdated, they are expired, or the officers are not enforced to wear them and choose not to because of the bulkiness of them and the heat, and what good is a vest if it is not on or is expired or outdated. This is where local enforcement from department heads come in and enforce the wearing of these lifesaving Kevlar vests. As well as newer and better designs and research into the technology of bulletproofing is so vital. And as mentioned earlier that is where companies such as The Best Body Armor come into play yet again. Creating and selling bulletproof vest ranging all types of NIJ levels all the way up to NIJ level 5 a plate and ranging from a vast selection of colors from black to tans to several Camos, Police departments and the average security guard are now capable of getting the safety devices that they need in order to continue to carry out doing their jobs to best of their ability to protect the wonderful citizens of the Unites States of America while putting themselves in harm’s way on a daily basis.
Medical and Fire Departments Started Using Protective Vests and We should all use them too
Active shooters at schools, government buildings, churches and other public spaces is somethings that in my opinion will never stop. Unless we ban all weapons in the United States shootings around the country will continue and that won’t happen either for a long time. We all must accept that guns are something that people like, have and use. For this same reason, the Emergency service departments in Tampa Florida have accepted that shooting will continue and decided to issue a protective armor vest to every medical and fire department first responders. The City of Tampa spend more than $700,000 on 484 protective vests.
“If we expect to save lives, we must move in as close as possible,” said Craig Hare, Pinellas County Director of EMS & Fire Administration. “We need to come in right behind police officers the second they give us the go-ahead.”
I completely agree with Craig’s statement, Police officers and the Swat team are not the only first responders in a shooting scene. The medical and fire departments are also first responders with different jobs but they are all crucial to helping the victims come out safely. For this same reason is why the City of Tampa has decided to issue these vests, if the medics and firefighters are not protected against these shooters then at the end of the day we are just going to have more casualties and injuries during an active shooting. In the case of the medical and fire department, personal are required to listen to the police department. However, let’s say there’s a victim that’s injured in what is considered the “Hot Zone”, the area that is considered active for the shooter. These, ‘tactical medics” are trained to enter these areas and assist them. How can they do this without protective gear?
““That’s basically all we’re doing: taking care of immediate threats to life,” said Ross Pinney, one of Oldsmar Fire Rescue’s tactical medics who taught part of the training class where they practiced carrying and dragging victims from the scene of a shooting. “
I find this incredibly important, how is that just now these departments are beginning to issue armored gear to their employees? The government and City officials would do anything to save money and not spend, if every city in the nation were to spend $700,000 on armored vests I guarantee that the statistics for injuries and casualties would fall dramatically. City officials across the United States are sometimes found taking city funds for themselves, instead of using them for good purposes like protecting the people that risk their lives to save others.
“I get that there’s only so much money in the budget, but this is an important purchase because if and when this sort of thing does happen . . . the question will be, ‘Well, how come you weren’t better prepared?’”
Other cities across the United States should learn from the Tampa city officials and accept that active shooters will continue across the United States and there’s not enough city personal to protect every public building so instead they should invest the funds in protecting the first responders. This protective gear is not only required to be worn during an active shooter situation but also in any situation that can harm these first responders. As the Clearwater Fire & rescue Department stated
“that first responders must put on their body armor “before entering any type of hostile environment,” and this would include active-shooter situations, civil disturbances and fights.”
Although active shooters do the most damage and result in the largest number of casualties, it is also smart to make them wear the protective gear in these other dangerous environments because you never know who has a gun and decides to use it. A lot of these medical staff and firefighters don’t like the idea of wearing this protective gear in not serious situations. The Service departments in the City of Tampa decided to let each person decide if they want to wear the vests in none dangerous situations.
“Sean Becker, who is president of the Fire Fighters Association in Clearwater said, “We attended fire school with the full knowledge that we would be putting out fires, but we had no idea we would be asked to wear protective vests and helmets when responding to calls.”
The questions are, if every City service department is beginning to use protective vests then should we all? How can we know when we are going to need a vest? Has the world come to a point where we should all wear protective vests to work, to school and in our daily lives? Some argue yes, others argue that, that sounds ridiculous. Whichever you believe, I still think we should all own a body armor vest in order to decide ourselves when we should wear it or if anything were to happen, you can at least say in heaven “I did everything I could to protect myself, I was just in the wrong place at the wrong time “. On the other hand, if an armored vest or an armored backpack were to save your life you will be glad you were wearing at a bank shooting, airport or school shooting. The last question is, how much is your life worth to you?
Thank you for reading, if your life is worth more than $300 then don’t forget to check out our website and order your armored vest or armored backpack.
How effective is a bulletproof vest at stopping gunshots?
How did it all start?
For several years, people did not have proper ways of protecting themselves from bullets. There were only a few options available, and they provided limited, minimal protection but none against the shock of a bullet. After years of researching, a lot of materials were discovered to be effective in the making of bulletproof vests. It was then when Kevlar was invented by DuPont chemist Stephanie Kwolek, who was in the search for a way to make radial car tires lighter. This material is and was capable of cushioning, trapping, and preventing a bullet from reaching and penetrating through to the body. However, the standard bulletproof jacket now consists of both Kevlar and the insertion of plates, and it weights around 4.5 kg. There a several types of plates, made out of different of materials according to the preferences and circumstances of the user. These plates are essential in the process of receiving a bullet, since they prevent the user from being hurt or incapacitated.
How do you I know a vest is “bulletproof”?
In order to define a vest as truly bulletproof, then it needs to be bullet resistant. Being bullet resistant means that the vest can be penetrated by certain types and sizes of bullets traveling up to certain speeds, and it can then stop them from reaching through to the body. When purchasing a bulletproof vest it is important to take everything into consideration in order to choose the adequate bulletproof vest. There a different kinds of vest that are intended to be used in different circumstances. There are vests that are designed to absorb the bullets from small arms fire, and there are those that can protect against larger arms.
How do I correctly wear my bulletproof vest?
Even when bullet resistant, bulletproof vests can still cause injury to the user when shocked by a bullet, especially the ones made out of only Kevlar. For example, when stopping the bullet, it may still force the vest fabric onto the body, causing bruising, other internal injuries. This is why it is essential to not only buy those that include the plates, but also do so in a trust-able, safe company. In addition, in order to minimize the chances of being hurt, it is important to know how to properly use a bulletproof vest. A bullet proof vest should not be placed below the bellybutton. Having the bulletproof vest hang low into the waist can limit the mobility that the user has, and can make simple movements uncomfortable.
Best Bullet provides the best protection at the lowest prices. The vests offered are made out of durable, high tensile fabric with integrated MOLLE webbing and plates that are engineered to exceed all required government standards for military and law enforcement, making us a trust-able company. Hurry now and visit our website to see our variety of vests and find the perfect one for you!